The Z Team is a cadre of researchers, clinicians, media experts and academicians devoted to exploring the efficacy of time perspective therapy. Philip Zimbardo, Rosemary Sword, and until his recent death, Richard Sword, head up the team. These pioneers were dubbed “The Z Team” by the Swords in honor of Phil and also as the antithesis of “The A Team”, the highly trained special forces who enter dangerous situations. The mission of The Z-Team is to research, document, publish articles and books, and in general spread the word in the psychological community and the rest of the world about: the importance of the ZTPI as a psychological scale; Temporal Theory; and Time Perspective Therapy.  One of The Z Team’s goals is to help alleviate the psychological damage experienced by those affected by traumatic experiences.

Philip Zimbardo, PhD, is internationally recognized as “the voice and face of contemporary psychology” through his widely viewed PBS-TV series, Discovering Psychology, his media appearances, his bestselling trade books, including The Time Paradox: Reconstructing the Past, Enjoying the Present, Mastering the Future (with John Boyd, Free Press, 2008), and The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil, (Random House, 2007, paperback 2008), and his classic research, The Stanford Prison Experiment.

Phil has been a Stanford University professor since 1968 (now emeritus), having taught previously at Yale, NYU, and Columbia University. He also continues to teach at the Naval Post Graduate School in Monterey, California (courses on the psychology of terrorism), and is professor at Palo Alto University, in California (teaching social psychology to clinical graduate students). Phil has been President of the American Psychological Association (2002), President of the Western Psychological Association (twice), Chair of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents (SCCP) and is now chair of the Western Psychological Foundation, as well as the Director of the Center of Interdisciplinary Policy, Education, and Research on Terrorism (CIPERT).

Phil has received numerous awards and honors as an educator, researcher, writer, media contributor, and for service to the profession of psychology. He has been awarded the Vaclav Havel Foundation Prize for his lifetime of research on the human condition as well as the American Psychological Association’s prestigious 2012 Gold Medal in Science Award. Among his more than 600 professional publications, including 60 trade and textbooks, is the oldest current textbook in psychology, Psychology and Life (currently in its 20th edition), and Core Concepts in Psychology, now in its seventh edition.

In recent years, Phil’s increasing interest in his time perspective theory lead him to consult with Rick and Rose Sword in regards to their development of his theory into an efficacious, therapy/training. Phil is coauthor of The Time Cure, and along with Rose, is coauthor of the popular Psychology Today Time Cure blog column.  Phil is Chief Consultant for Aetas, Mind Balancing Apps, an innovative and effective new way to help gain balance in our increasingly stressful, fast-paced world. Based on Time Perspective Therapy, Aetas is  available at the iTunes/App Store. He is also founder of The Heroic Imagination Project (HIP), a non-profit organization dedicated to encouraging and empowering individuals to take heroic action during crucial moments in their lives.  

Richard Sword, PhD, was a practicing clinical psychologist on the island of Maui for thirty years before his death in 2014. A graduate of the University of Florida and Saybrook Institute, Rick taught at the University of Florida and the University of Hawaii, Manoa Campus. In the early 1980s he became interested in the treatment of post-trauma and became an expert in post-traumatic stress disorder. He was a lead psychologist for the National Disaster Medical System, Region IX and was deployed to over 30 nationally declared disasters. As his clinic was in Hawaii, he was afforded the opportunity to work cross-culturally and was adept at helping people of many cultures. He considered his crowning career achievement to be helping thousands of seasoned veterans from 6 “wars” (WWII, Korean, Vietnam, First Gulf, Iraq and Afghanistan) which lead him and his wife Rose to the development of Time Perspective Therapy in 2008/2009. Along with Phil and Rose, Rick was co-author of The Time Cure as well as Time Perspective Therapy journal articles. 

Rosemary Sword is a Time Perspective Therapist/Trainer in private practice on the island of Maui. As part of her Hawaiian heritage, she was trained in the Hawaiian psychology based on forgiveness known as ho’oponopono (literally “to make right”). She has practiced this form of healing for 30 years. Along with her husband, Richard Sword, she developed Time Perspective Therapy/Training. Rose is also coauthor of The Time Cure (with Phil Zimbardo and Rick Sword) published in English, Wiley, 2012, German, 2013, Russian and Chinese 2014, Polish 2015, The Time Cure – Therapist’s Guidebook, Wiley, 2012, Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application, Essays in Honor of Philip G. Zimbardo, Springer 2015, Living and Loving Better, McFarland November 2017, as well as book chapters and psychological journal articles. Rose and Phil are coauthors of a popular Psychology Today blog column and have published over 80 time perspective articles ranging from bullying and shyness to toxic relationships, and happiness versus living a meaningful life. Rose is founder/developer of Aetas, Mind Balancing Apps. Aetas and Aetas 2 Minute Minute Meditations employ Time Perspective Therapy steps in order to help those seeking a fast and effective way to reduce stress, gain focus, and live a more enjoyable life.

Recently, Rose and Phil teamed up with a Polish media corporation to develop the first of its kind: a time perspective therapy “nanodegree” (on-line certification.) After successful completion of the pilot project, there are now nearly 100 time perspective therapists in Poland and discussions are underway for the global expansion of the time perspective therapy nanodegree. Phil and Rose are also working with representatives of China to introduce them to the benefits of time perspective therapy.

Brian Metcalf, PhD, has been an associate professor of psychology at Hawaii Pacific University in Honolulu, HI since 2000.  Originally from Stevens Point, WI, he previously taught and conducted research at Morris Brown College, and before that, at the University of Georgia, where he earned his MS and PhD in biopsychology.  He was invited in 2012 by Dr. Zimbardo to be a member of the Z Team.  Metcalf also collaborates with Zimbardo on his Heroic Imagination Project, training his students the skills and awareness needed to create lasting positive change in their own lives and the lives of others around them. Brian recently joined Team  Aetas as a consultantHe can be reached directly at

Joseph Lenz, PhD, is a private practice clinical psychologist on the island of Maui. His rich background in humanities, education, scientific psychology and Time Perspective Therapy affords a unique opportunity for people seeking a happier, more fulfilling life.  His focus in therapy is complex anxiety, including trauma, OCD and anxiety arising from medical problems. Along with working with people of all ages and walks of life, he is authorized by the Veterans Choice program to conduct therapy with veterans as a civilian psychologist. Joseph is a consultant for AETAS. He can be contacted at

Bob Hollis, PhD, is an educator in the Bay Area. Retired from the military, Bob is a Vietnam veteran, and has taken up the battle for veterans’ rights. He is currently working on creating a course in Veteran Culture which will include Time Perspective Therapy as a means to overcoming PTSD. If you are interested in helping Bob with this project, please contact him at  

Sarah Brunskill and Anthony Ferreras are former grad students; they worked with Phil, Rick and Rose on the Time Perspective Therapy pilot study and subsequent journal articles. Sarah and Anthony also conduct research for Phil in regards to The Social Intensity Syndrome.

Mike Yannell, Ella Sword and Ryan Daley were undergrad students and assisted in the TPT pilot study.